What you will learn

Masinde Muliro Univiersity of Science and Technology


Year 1 Trimester 1- September to December 16

Course Lecturer- Norbert Boruett

1.0 Course: NUR 105:

2.0 Course Title Human Physiology I (3 Units)

The course of Human physiology include: Digestive system: Functional organization and design. General principles of gastrointestinal; Transport and mixing of food in the tract.  Secretory functions of the alimentary tract.  Digestion and absorption in the gastrointestinal tract.  Metabolism of carbohydrates and formation of adenosine triphosphate.  Lipid metabolism.  Protein metabolism; Transport of nutrients in blood and storage in tissues; Functions of the liver, biliary system and pancreas.

The Endocrine system: introduction to endocrinology,  the pituitary hormones and their control by the hypothalamus, the thyroid metabolic hormones, the adrenocortical hormones, insulin, glucagons and diabetes mellitus, parathyroid hormone, calcitonin, calcium and phosphate metabolism, vitamin D, bone and teeth, reproductive and hormonal functions of the male (and the pineal gland) , female physiology before pregnancy and the female hormones, pregnancy and lactation, foetal and neonatal physiology, liver, kidneys, alimentary canal.  Hormone: chemical nature, secretion, transportation in blood, receptors, mode of action, physiological effects, inactivation, degradation and excretion.  Integrated actions of hormones:  regulation of blood glucose, calcium homeostasis, body water, urea and electrolyte balance. Reproductive system:

The male and female reproductive system; The special senses: eye: optics vision, the eye; receptor and neural function of the retina, the eye; central neurophysiology of vision, the sense of hearing, the chemical senses – taste and smell; Control of visceral functions: the hypothalamic nuclei, functions and connections; Integration of autonomic reflexes, vital centres and vegetative functions; Body temperature regulation and skin function; Heart muscle, the heart as a pump, and functions of the arterial and venous systems.


3.0 Learning outcomes

  1.          Describe the digestive system. 
  2. ii.          Describe the Endocrine system and its function
  3. Describe the special senses
  4. Describe function of the skin and body temperature regulation.
  5. v.          Describe functions of the cardiovascular system.


4.0 Learning- Teaching strategy

Lectures, demonstrations, laboratory practical, group discussions.


5.0 Content

Week 1: Discussion of the  Digestive system

Week 2: Discussion of the endocrine system

Week 3: Discussion of the  special senses

  •  Eye
  • Ear

Week 4 CAT

Week 5: Discussion of the skin and body temperature

Week 6: Discuss the function of the cardiovascular system


Week 7:  Reproductive system

Week 8:  Reproductive system

Week 9Regulation of blood sugar

Week 10:  Chemical senses

Week 11:  Vegatative functions

Week 12: End of Trimester Examination


6.0 Course Requirements


A)    Attendance

Attendance for lectures and other scheduled classes/practical/ laboratory sessions is mandatory for all students. Absenteeism will result in student being denied an opportunity to take his/her CAT and End of term Examination.

B)     Methods of Assessment

Continuous Assessment Test (CAT)  10%

Take away CAT’s                                  20%ke

Examination                                          70%

Practical Examination (where applicable) 100%

Pass Mark                                                  50%



c) Course texts including further reading/references texts

7.0 Required Text books

  1. Netter, F. (2006). Atlas of Human Anatomy. Saunders. ISBN 1416033858.


  1. Marieb E.N. & Mitchell S.J. (2007). Human Anatomy and Physiology Lab. Manual. (9th Ed.) Benjamin Cummings. ISBN: 0805372636.- Gahong & Gayton



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Course Details